sepsis representation using graphics

What You Must Know About Sepsis? Symptoms, Prevention & More

Words By Sanjay Mani Dixit.

A Lancet publication estimated that in 2017 there were 48.9 million cases and 11 million sepsis-related deaths worldwide, which accounted for almost 20% of all global deaths.(WHO).


In 2017, almost half of all global sepsis cases occurred among children, with an estimated 20 million cases and 2.9 million global deaths in children under 5 years of age (Lancet-WHO).

Aavash, a healthy 30-year-old, injured himself during a mountain biking accident at Shivapuri. A seemingly minor wound became infected. Within days, he was in the intensive care unit, fighting sepsis. His body’s inflammatory response was overwhelming. Aavash’s journey highlights that sepsis can strike anyone, even the young and fit.

Every year 13th of September is celebrated as World Sepsis Day. The day is dedicated to educate people about Sepsis, a life threatening condition, its causes, symptoms, prevention and treatment.

Sepsis is a serious condition that happens when the body’s immune system has an extreme response to an infection.

The body’s reaction causes damage to its own tissues and organs. Sepsis can affect anyone, but people who are older, very young, and pregnant or have other health problems are at higher risk. So, sepsis is the body’s overwhelming and life-threatening response to an infection that can lead to tissue damage, organ failure, and death.

Understanding Sepsis

Sepsis is a severe, life-threatening medical condition triggered by the body’s response to infection. While it begins as an infection in a specific organ or area, sepsis causes the body’s immune system to go into overdrive, potentially leading to widespread inflammation and organ failure. This process can progress rapidly, making early detection and intervention critical.

It is also known as septicemia, septicaemia, or blood poisoning. Sepsis, often referred to as the “hidden killer,” takes countless lives each year, and its global impact cannot be understated.

Sepsis acquired in health care settings is one of the most frequent adverse events during care delivery and affect hundreds of millions of patients worldwide every year. In this article, we explore what sepsis is, share real-life case scenarios to captivate our readers, and delve into the significance of World Sepsis Day, deciphering its theme and how we can contribute to saving lives.

Shanta’s Story: Shanta, a 45-year-old mother of two, was recovering from a seemingly harmless urinary tract infection (UTI). However, the infection had progressed into sepsis. She developed a high fever, confusion, and her blood pressure plummeted. Thanks to quick thinking by her family and medical professionals, Shanta received timely treatment, saving her life.

Read More: Pneumonia In Children.

Signs and symptoms

Sepsis is a medical emergency. It can cause a varied types of signs and symptoms.

Common signs and symptoms include:

  • fever or low temperature and shivering
  • confusion
  • difficulty breathing
  • clammy and sweaty skin
  • extreme body pain or discomfort
  • high heart rate, weak pulse or low blood pressure
  • low urine output.

sepsis symptoms

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Sepsis can be prevented by treating infections early and through good hygiene at home and in healthcare settings.

The best way to reduce the risk of sepsis is to avoid infections. Steps include:

  • good personal hygiene, like washing hands and preparing food safely
  • avoiding unclean water or unsanitary toilets
  • getting vaccines recommended by local health officials
  • eating a healthy diet
  • breastfeeding for newborns.

Hospitals and clinics should follow effective rules for infection prevention and control. Antibiotics should be used appropriately to treat infections.

World Sepsis Day: “Sepsis – It’s a Race Against Time

This theme emphasizes the urgency of identifying sepsis early and taking immediate action. The key to reducing the devastating impact of sepsis lies in awareness, early recognition, and rapid intervention. In the fight against sepsis, time is of the essence.

Every moment counts. The theme serves as a reminder that when it comes to sepsis, delays can be deadly. It encourages healthcare professionals, policymakers, and the public to prioritize sepsis awareness, education, and action.


As we commemorate World Sepsis Day, let us reflect on the lives lost to this silent killer and recommit ourselves to the battle against sepsis. By understanding its true nature, recognizing the signs, and acting swiftly, we can change the outcome for countless individuals. Just remember, with sepsis, every second counts.

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